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Energy Efficiency in Floriculture

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1.0. Introduction

2.0. Energy Efficiency

3.0. Energy Use in Flower Farms

3.1. Typical Energy Consumption Patterns

3.2. Energy expenditures per flower farm

4.0. Greenhouse Efficiency

4.1. Reduce Air Leaks

4.2. Double Covering

4.3. Foundation and Sidewall Insulation

4.4. Site Location

4.5. Space Utilization

4.6. Conserve Electricity

4.7. Greenhouse Heating Systems

4.8. Ventilations Farms

5.0. Water Pumping

5.1. Maintenance

5.2. Reduction of demand

5.3. More efficient pumps

5.4. Variable speed drives (VSDs)

5.5. Avoiding throttling valves

5.6. Proper pipe sizing

6.0. Cold storage facilities

6.1. Energy conservation measures during design & construction

6.2. Energy conservation measures during operation

7.0. Renewable Energy

7.1. Power generation through solar PV

7.2. Water heating through solar thermal

7.3. Power generation through Flower Waste

7.4. Power generation through geothermal

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