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Working Paper 840



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Smart Grids

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0. Introduction

2.0. Smart grid compared to traditional electricity grids

3.0. Features of a smart grid

3.1. Reliability

3.2. Flexibility in network topology

3.3. Effeciency

3.4. Sustainability

3.5. Market-enabling

3.6. Platform for advanced services

4.0. Smart grid technologies

4.1. Wide-area monitoring and control

4.2. Information and communications technology integration

4.3. Renewable and distributed generation integration

4.4. Transmission enhancement applications

4.5. Distribution grid management

4.6. Advanced metering infrastructure

4.7. Electric vehicle charging infrastructure

4.8. Customer-side systems

5.0. Microgrids and Virtual Power Plants (VPP)

5.1. Microgrids

5.2. Virtual Power Plants

6.0. Smart Grids and Renewables

6.1. Smart Grids and Variability

6.2. Smart Grids and Distributed Generation

6.3. Smart Grids and Capital Intensity

6.4. Improved Consumer Information, Control, and Choice

6.5. Improved Transmission and Distribution System Monitoring and Control

6.6. Integration of New Resources

7.0. Smart Grids in Developing Economies

8.0. Conclusion: Recommendations for stakeholders

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