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Water Conservation in Geothermal Power Generation

Compiled by

AFREPREN/FWD


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0. Introduction

1.1. Energy Act 2006

1.2. Least Cost Power Development Plan 2010 (LCPDP)

1.3. Feed-in tariff

1.4. Standardized power purchase agreements

1.5. Electricity Licensing Regulations

1.6. Connection Guidelines for Small-Scale Renewable Generating Plant

1.7. Energy Management Regulations

1.8. Climate change

1.9. Regulatory barriers

2.0. Types of Geothermal Power Plants

2.1. Conventional Hydrothermal Flash System

2.2. Conventional Hydrothermal Binary System

2.3. Enhanced Geothermal System

3.0. Water and Geothermal Electricity Generation

4.0. Water used in Geothermal Power Plants

4.1. Well Field Development

4.2. Pipeline Supports

4.3. Power Plant Construction

4.4. Power plant operations

5.0. Water usage indices

6.0. Kengen Olkaria Geothermal Power Project Case Study

6.1. Water Consumption

6.2. Well Construction

7.0. Water conservation recommendations

7.1. Reuse water

7.2. Evaluate operational water use

7.3. Consider non-freshwater makeup sources

7.4. Encourage use of binary systems

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