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Masterplan Report of Wind and Solar Energy in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Compiled by

AFREPREN/FWD


Executive Summary

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, a major inland country of East Africa, is located in the east of African continent and neighbors Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya and Somalia. Most of Ethiopia is located on the vast Ethiopian Plateau, and well-known East African Great Rift Valley passes across the country from south to north. Unique terrain and geomorphy and particular geographic location create ample wind energy resources and solar energy resources of Ethiopia.

In recent years, global renewable energy industry has developed rapidly. Many countries have taken developing wind energy, solar energy and other renewable energy as important opportunity and means for responding to future dual challenges of energy and climate change. In order to promote the development of domestic energy industry and guarantee domestic energy security, Ethiopian government determined a new national energy development strategy to encourage the development of domestic renewable energy resources (especially wind energy, solar energy and other new energy resources) and realize its development objective of “Energy Diversification”.

The People’s Republic of China, as a major power of renewable energy development, with ample renewable energy resources and huge market demand and a series of laws and regulations promoting the development of renewable energy industry, has been taking renewable energy industry on a tendency of rapid development, which installed capacity of wind and solar energy expands rapidly and related independent technical innovation capability has been greatly improved. At present, China has established relatively complete industry system and technical standard system.

China, as a responsible developing major power, is willing to share its achievements and experiences of reform and opening to the outside with other developing countries. In order to support the development and utilization of wind and solar energy of Ethiopia, Chinese government and Ethiopian government amicably negotiated and formally exchanged documents in respect of Ethiopian Wind and Solar Energy Development Planning Project in 2010, thereupon Chinese government agreed to rendering economic aid gratuitously for the planning project above and authorized Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China to organize the project implementation.

On Dec. 15, 2010, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China sent Notification of Award (Shang He Cu Zhao Shou Han [2010] No. 229) to HYDROCHINA. On Jan. 6, 2011, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China formally signed the work contract of the project with HYDROCHINA. On Feb. 22, 2011, HYDROCHINA formally entrusted Hydrochina International to organize and manage the project, and Beijing Engineering Corporation undertook the implementation and design of the planning project.

Work content of the wind and solar energy development planning project in Ethiopia: make field investigation for wind and solar energy resources of Ethiopia, prepare Ethiopian wind and solar energy development master planning report, recommend 2 wind farm sites and 1 photovoltaic power station site and observe the data of basic resources, prepare the pre-feasibility study report of 2 wind farms and 1 photovoltaic power station and accept the 30-day training of 10 Ethiopian technicians in both Ethiopia and China. According to the deliberate opinions of Chinese government and Ethiopian government on the project, the report of master plan preparation and engineering requirements will mainly refer to Chinese national and international codes and specifications.

In Oct. 2011, the report makers finished the draft of “Master Plan Report of Wind and Solar Energy in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia” submitted for approval according to plan; on Jan. 16, 2012, HYDROCHINA Corporation convened an internal review meeting on the draft above in Beijing, later, the report makers modified the report according to the opinions of the participants; on Apr. 18, 2012, HYDROCHINA Corporation and Ministry of Water and Energy of Ethiopia, Representative Agency of the project’s Ethiopian Party, held an exchange meeting on the draft at request for comment of the master plan report in Addis Ababa, later the report makers revised the report according to the opinions of the participants. Herein we submit the final version of the master plan reportthereupon. Restricted by insufficient basic information for compilation, difference in view of engineering technology as well as unique limitations of planning period, please make allowance for the report if failed to reflect local social, economic and cultural development requirements in some senses.

Herein we sincerely thank Chinese government and Ethiopian government and related departments inclusive of Ministry of Commerce of China, Institute of Atmospheric Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences as well as Ministry of Finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia, Ministry of Water and Energy of Ethiopia, National Meteorological Services Agency of Ethiopia, National Highways Agency of Ethiopia, Ministry of Culture & Tourism & Environmental Protection of Ethiopia, Ministry of Mines of Ethiopia, Ethiopia Mapping Agency and Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation for their great help.

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